Hyperlipoproteinemias are conditions in which the blood is enriched with an excessive amount of lipids (fats). These disorders are also known as hyperlipidemia. The accumulation of fat makes the body increases the level of total cholesterol, LDL or VLDL, and triglyceride levels, which increases the risk of many diseases.
Within the problem of hyperlipoproteinemia, distinguished by a plurality of types that are associated with the production of abnormal amounts of blood lipids (including cholesterol). Hyperlipoproteinemias can be divided into five categories, depending on the type of chemical compound found in the blood in excess.
- Type 1 is a kind of hyperlipoproteinemia, in which we have to deal with an excessive amount of triglycerides in the chylomicron fraction. In individuals suffering from this type of the disease, there is often inflammation of the pancreas and abdominal pain, but not noted herein an increased cardiovascular risk.
- Type 2 occurs in two distinct genetic patterns, and one additional category, which is not associated with a genetic defectiveness. All health problems associated with the second type of hyperlipoproteinemia are characterized by elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood, although there are cases in which they are raised, also triglyceride levels. This type reveals yellow fatty deposits that appear under the skin of the ankles, knees, buttocks and heels. They can also occur yellow spots on the eyelids.
- Type 3 occurs very infrequently and is associated with elevated levels of cholesterol and triglycerides, as a consequence, they contribute to some vascular diseases.
- Type 4 is a milder type of disease, raised it only triglyceride levels, but it does not increase the risk of vascular disease.
- Type 5 is very similar to type 1, but it is milder.
The causes of hyperlipoproteinemias
Among the main reasons that cause hyperlipoproteinemias, distinguished by genetic factors that contribute to the formation of blood fat disorders. Furthermore, there may also be:
- diabetes – because it changes the way the body copes with the needs of energy, and also affects the metabolism of fats; result here is an increased level of triglycerides and reducing the amount of HDL cholesterol, which is further exacerbated by obesity;
- hypothyroidism – a common cause, lipid disorders, because the thyroid hormone has an influence on the rate of chemical processes in the body, including those relating to fat; consequence, tend to be here the sudden throws of cholesterol;
- kidney disease affects blood proteins, and thus, the bundle’s acids; usually they are associated with an increase in LDL cholesterol;
- liver disease – depending on the stage and severity, can raise or lower the amount of different types of fats in the blood;
- alcohol – raises triglyceride levels, but in moderate amounts can be beneficial because it increases the level of good cholesterol HDL;
- smoking reduces HDL cholesterol, as well as malnutrition and obesity;
- some of the medicines can raise blood fat levels, such as thiazide diuretics, beta-blockers, cortisone or estrogen;
- progesterone – the hormone pregnancy also increases cholesterol levels.
The combination of genetic factors and diet is the most common cause of most diseases of a fatty as hyperlipoproteinemia. The diet is not just about the foods containing cholesterol, but mainly those rich in fats, which the body converts raising the quantity of dangerous to our health chemicals. There is strong a link between fat diet and the incidence of atherosclerosis.
Among the fats we eat the least preferred are animal fats, as well as coconut and palm oils used in excess. Fats should be a one-fifth (up to one-quarter) of our daily meals, and the remainder should be divided into complex carbohydrates and protein.
Hyperlipoproteinemias are diseases that often do not reveal out for years, until the time when to result in a more severe heart disease or stroke.
Diagnosis and treatment of hyperlipoproteinemia
The diagnosis of hyperlipoproteinemia is a complicated process which requires some studies and tests that will determine its type. On the other hand, the treatment should be based mainly on the change in diet and lifestyle, which can neutralize most of the problems associated with cholesterol. You can not delude us that medication will help reverse the effects of poor diet, obesity, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, stress, and inactivity.
Among alternative treatments of excess fats in the blood is the use of supplements with omega-3, herbal therapies, and the use of traditional methods of naturopathic medicine, Chinese and Ayurvedic.
We can not change genetics, and therefore susceptible to hyperlipoproteinemia, require treatment and prevention, which will help reduce the risk of serious consequences of this diseases.