Metabolic diseases are metabolic disorders, which is a highly important element for the functioning of our organism. Metabolism can be divided consumed our food, simple ingredients like protein, carbohydrates (sugars) and fats. Metabolic diseases occur when the body’s natural processes are in some way disturbed.
Metabolism can be inherited or acquired during life. There are also many types of metabolic disorders. However, there has been significant progress in the diagnosis and treatment of them. The symptoms of metabolic diseases, however, differ depending on the person and the nature of the disorder.
Some disorders have mild symptoms which can easily be eliminated with the help of drugs or lifestyle changes. There are also those in which they can appear a serious threat to life and health, including respiratory problems, seizures and organ failure. Certain inherited metabolic disorders require long-term supplementation of nutrients and aggressive treatment, while others result from the disease.
The symptoms of metabolic diseases
Metabolic diseases can cause interference in a natural chemical processes occurring in the body, and they provide a variety of symptoms, depending on the particular condition. These symptoms may vary in intensity.
Hereditary metabolic disorders manifest themselves:
- an unusual smell of body fluids,
- abnormalities in bone as the occurrence of osteoporosis,
- difficulties with remembering, thinking, speech, understanding, writing and reading,
- problems with an enlarged liver, heart, kidney or spleen,
- abnormal development among infants and children,
- frequent infections,
- hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
- problems with vision, its loss and visual impairment
- muscle spasms, convulsions,
- muscle weakness,
- chronic diarrhea and cumbersome,
- notorious fatigue,
- frequent mood swings and irritability,
- nausea with or without vomiting;
- muscle cramps,
- rapid breathing, shortness of breath.
They may also appear more serious symptoms, which can be life-threatening, and, if they occur, immediately seek medical attention. Belong to them:
- bruising of the lips and nails,
- a sudden change in mental status, change of behavior including confusion, delirium, drowsiness, hallucinations, and delusions,
- breathing problems – shortness of breath, difficulty in catching of breath, wheezing, shortness of breath or choking.
The causes of metabolic diseases
Metabolic diseases appear in an impaired natural metabolic processes so that they can have very different causes.
These disorders can be inherited, which is associated with congenital errors of metabolism or acquired for example in connection with liver disease, respiratory failure, cancer or HIV / AIDS.
Inherited metabolic disorders may be related to the problem referred to metabolize nutrients such as amino acids (protein building block), carbohydrates and fatty acids (the building block of fat).
Another reason for the appearance of metabolic disorders may be other factors, such as a combination of hereditary and environmental reasons. The most common are:
- alcohol abuse,
- excess of the diuretics
- ingestion of poisons or toxins, including aspirin an excess of bicarbonates, alkali, ethylene glycol or methanol,
- renal failure,
- pneumonia, respiratory failure, or a collapsed lung,
Additional factors appearance of certain metabolic diseases is chronic conditions, such as lung or kidney disease, family history of genetic metabolic disorders and HIV / AIDS.
The treatment of metabolic diseases
Treatment of metabolic disorders depends on the type of illness. Hereditary varieties usually require counseling and nutritional support, periodic medical assessment, physiotherapy and the like. In turn, the most frequently acquired diseases include normalization of metabolic balance by reversing the causes and administration of drugs.
Congenital problems with the metabolism of are often required to treatment methods as bone marrow transplantation, gene therapy, medication, mineral supplements, nutritional counseling, physical therapy, surgery for the treatment of pain or symptoms or vitamin supplementation.
If left untreated, complications of metabolic diseases can be severe and even life-threatening. It is necessary, therefore, compliance with the recommendations from a doctor and proper treatment. In extreme cases, the disorder can occur in the functioning of internal organs, convulsions, seizures, loss of consciousness and even coma.