Phlegmon is an inflammation of the connective tissue that lies just beneath the skin, manifested in the form of a superficial abscess or accumulation of pus in the nearby organs. Among the most common cases of the disease, purulent layers appear around the fingers or organs such as the tonsils.
A characteristic feature of this type of inflammation is that it expands different tissues and organs, leading to their failure and inflammation, which may provide a severe, life-threatening condition.
Phlegmon, it is a disease in principle always contagious and may lead to the destruction of tissue by the accumulation of purulent heaps. However, unlike the abscess, phlegmon usually is spreading, being able to cause further infection. Sometimes it may lead to an abscess.
The disease usually develops in the limbs, but can as well attack the breasts, surrounding area the scrotal sac, bladder, nasopharyngeal space, can as well occur in the abdomen.
There are several types of phlegmon depending on the place in which it occurs:
- furuncle – purulent inflammation of the hair follicle,
- phlegmon of para-pharyngeal space,
- paronychia (disease located in the vicinity of the nail)
- Ludwig’s angina (phlegmon floor of the mouth – the tonsils)
- purulent inflammation of the palm hand.
The disease occurs most often due to infection with streptococcus or staphylococcus that naturally occur on the skin. As a result of injury or other damage to the skin (such as burns or even inappropriate treatment of skin diseases), they can, however, penetrate into the body, leading to numerous pathological conditions, both the subcutaneous tissue and the body.
The risk of disease is increased in people with weakened immunity, and also:
- diabetic patients,
- suffering from leukemia,
- in the case of transfer of inflammation from another site of infection in the body.
The symptoms of phlegmon
Phlegmon appears in the vicinity of the fingers usually occurs in one place. It reveals a strong redness and very intense soreness. If the accumulated pus affects the muscles that are responsible for flexing the fingers, it can effectively make them difficult to move and even slightly paralyze them, maintaining against bending.
In the case phlegmon of organs such as the tonsils, it may interfere with the operation of the jaw muscles, which often can not flow freely, opening the mouth and makes it harder to swallow. The most common infection is also accompanied by high fever.
Other symptoms of phlegmon also include:
- enlargement of lymph nodes,
- redness and warming of the skin at the place of infection
- small pus reservoirs in the lesion,
- hardened swelling that also reaches deeper tissues,
- the problems in the functioning of the affected tissues,
- bad mood.
The diagnosis is relatively easy because the symptoms are the most frequent unambiguous, especially if the inflammation and the accumulation of pus such as of the throat area in the vicinity of tonsils are increased in a few days.
Treatment usually requires surgery to prevent the spread of infection. If phlegmon concerned the finger, it is usually placed on the rail, and then is applied antibiotic therapy, which is of particular importance because it helps to prevent recurrence. Are used as well painkillers or cooling wraps.
If left untreated, the inflammation can end up in the amputation of limbs, and if it touches the heart, lung or kidney could be life threatening. With the appearance of phlegmon, it is critical to react quickly to prevent blood infection – sepsis.