Hemophilia is a bleeding disorder in which the patient does not have or has a low level of certain blood proteins, which have problems with blood coagulation. This disease is the most common question of genetic nature.
Hemophilia, makes that patient readily undergo bleeding and their blood coagulates longer. Sick people may experience spontaneous internal bleeding, often painful, including swelling of the joints.
Hemfilia is a rare condition, but its complications can be life-threatening. This disease is an inherited genetic disorder, and in very rare cases may develop after birth.
The symptoms of hemophilia
The symptoms of the disease are dependent on the defective clotting factor. People with mild deficiency may suffer from heavy bleeding during injuries, while severe shortages manifest themselves in bleeding for no reason – the so-called spontaneous bleedings. In children with hemophilia, these symptoms may occur at the age of about two years. Spontaneous bleeding can cause the appearance of:
- blood in the urine,
- blood in the stool,
- dark bruises,
- large bruises of unknown origin,
- excessive bleeding,
- bleeding gums,
- frequent bleeding from the nose,
- joint pain,
- irritability (in children).
Immediate medical attention is needed promptly if appear symptoms such as:
- severe headaches,
- neck pain,
- blurred vision or double vision,
- extreme drowsiness,
- continuous bleeding due to injuries.
The causes of hemophilia
The process, which takes place in the body is responsible for stopping bleeding and deals with platelets, coagulation or collecting them at the wound site, to form a clot. Low levels of clotting factors or their absence cause bleeding and make it difficult to thicken.
Hemophilia is an inherited genetic disorder, which means that it is transmitted in families.
Diagnosis and treatment of hemophilia
Among the complications that entail hemophilia include:
- joint damage from repetitive bleeding,
- deep internal bleeding,
- neurological symptoms including bleeding in the brain,
- increased the risk of infections (such as hepatitis).
Treatment of the disease requires a mild form of hormonal therapy, which stimulates the factors responsible for the clotting of blood. For moderate forms of the illness, the patient is vaccinated of donor blood coagulation factors. A Severe form of the disease requires an infusion of plasma, which can stop the profuse bleeding. In the case of joint damage, is useful physical therapy and rehabilitation.