The chronic cor pulmonale is a disease that usually results from complications of hypertension (PAH). This condition also is known as the right-sided heart failure because it occurs within the right ventricle of the heart.
Chronic pulmonary heart causes enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart and makes the heart pumps blood less efficiently than usual, and thus increases blood pressure. This condition if left untreated can lead to numerous complications.
The symptoms of chronic cor pulmonale
Symptoms of the illness may be initially completely unnoticed because they resemble the sensations that are usually accompanied by a heavy training or other types of exercise. These are usually:
- increased heart rate,
- pain in the chest,
- swelling of legs and feet,
- light fainting,
- excessive coughing,
- extreme fatigue, which occurs without a reason.
The causes of chronic cor pulmonale
Chronic cor pulmonale can have various causes. Lung function is dependent on how the heart copes with the transport of blood to the entire body, including the lungs precisely. Pulmonary hypertension is a kind of increased pulmonary artery pressure and right ventricle of the heart, which makes the blood flow between them becomes inefficient. If left untreated, pulmonary hypertension, it is the most common cause of chronic cor pulmonale.
Among other reasons, you can also include:
- clots occur in the lungs,
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,
- damage to lung tissue,
- sleep apnea,
- cystic fibrosis,
- any condition that results in hypoxia for extended periods.
Diagnosis and treatment of chronic cor pulmonale
The pulmonary heart is diagnosed through physical examinations and detailed medical examination. The doctor evaluates the disorder of the heart, fluid retention or protruding jugular veins.
The blood test is useful in the detection of antibodies and brain natriuretic peptide, which is an amino acid of heart secreted when there are problems of the heart. The survey can also include computed tomography, echocardiography of the heart, chest radiology, scan the lungs and, in rare cases, lung biopsy.
Treatment of chronic cor pulmonale usually requires the use of drugs prescribed on prescription to help lower blood pressure and improve the flow of oxygen to the lungs. Besides, diuretics may help prevent fluid retention, and maintain adequate levels of sodium in the blood. Sometimes it is necessary the use of anticoagulants.
When a case of the disease is far-reaching, it may be required to use oxygen therapy and more aggressive treatments.
People suffering from chronic cor pulmonale should ensure a healthy lifestyle. It is important to maintain a healthy weight, remembering exercises, balanced diet and avoiding conditions that contribute to the emergence of the high pressure. Not indicated, it is also smoking, which can cause lung damage and lead to severe pulmonary heart attacks.