Acute pancreatitis

Acute pancreatitis is a condition that develops rapidly, by revealing an intense abdominal pain.

acute-pancreatitisTypically, the problem disappears after a few days, but sometimes it takes a severe and far-reaching form. The most common cause of acute pancreatitis are gallstones, as well as heavy drinking.

The pancreas is an organ located in the upper abdomen just behind the stomach and intestines. A group of cells called the islets located in the pancreas communicate hormones such as insulin and glucagon into the bloodstream, controlling blood sugar levels.

Inflammation of the pancreas is divided into two types:

Acute pancreatitis – is developing suddenly and very quickly. Often disappears completely without leaving any permanent damage. Sometimes, however, may constitute a severe health problem.

Chronic pancreatitis – a health issue, which is stable. It is a type a little less intense compared to acute pancreatitis, but it can contribute to the creation of damage and cause a scarring.

The causes of acute pancreatitis

The most common cause of the disease are gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption. Less common causes include:

  • viral infections (mumps virus, HIV),
  • use of certain drugs,
  • trauma or surgery in the vicinity of the pancreas,
  • infection with parasites,
  • excessive levels of fat and calcium in the blood,
  • disorders of the pancreas,
  • rarely also inheritance,
  • autoimmune diseases like Sjogren’s syndrome and primary biliary cirrhosis.

The symptoms of acute pancreatitisMetabolic diseases

Acute pancreatitis is mainly manifested by a sudden and sharp pain in the abdomen just below the ribs. Usually, this pain increases for several hours and can take up to several days. Often the pain is directed toward the back and with time becomes stronger. However, are cases in which acute pancreatitis is entirely asymptomatic – most often it concerns people with diabetes or who have a kidney problem. Besides pain may also occur:

  • nausea and vomiting,
  • high fever,
  • bad mood,
  • swollen belly.

Acute pancreatitis when it becomes severe, it can also affect other organs and diseases, which can then be developed. It may also appear dehydration and lower blood pressure.

Diagnosis and treatment of acute pancreatitis

When symptoms occur, you should immediately go to the doctor. To diagnose the disease is carried out blood tests, abdominal ultrasound, and the like tests.

The treatment of disease depends on the severity of the symptoms. There is no particular method or therapies, but usually, is used:kobieta_labolatorium

strong painkillers – usually intravenously, which will ease the pain as soon as possible,

it is often necessary to remove fluid from the stomach through a tube inserted through the nose,

  • gastrostomy,
  • drip irrigation,
  • antibiotic therapy.

If gallstones are the cause of occurrence of the disease, it is necessary to perform surgery to remove them. Frequently, there is a need also to remove the infected or damaged tissue.

If acute pancreatitis proceeds without complications, usually after a few weeks, the patient returns to full health. However, there are cases in which complications are severe pancreatic insufficiency and even death of the patient.

The attack of acute pancreatitis is sometimes a one-time event, but it could happen again – everything depends on the cause.

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