Acute cholecystitis is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention.
The causes of the acute cholecystitis
Acute cholecystitis is usually caused by gallstones, which can impede the flow of bile into the bile duct, which in turn leads to the inflammation.
The inflammation can also be caused by serious illness or a tumor, but these are rare cases. According to the survey, women are more prone to this kind of disease, but the risk of acute inflammation of the gallbladder increases with age at all.
The symptoms of the acute cholecystitis
The disease most common symptom is abdominal pain, which has continued uninterrupted up to several hours. This pain occurs most frequently in the vicinity of the center or upper right abdomen but can also spread to the right shoulder and back.
Pain can be acute or manifest itself in the form of blunt contractions. Among the other symptoms there may be mentioned:
- earthen hue stool
- vomiting and nausea,
- high fever,
- yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice)
- pain manifesting itself after a meal,
- uncomfortable bloating.
Diagnosis and treatment of acute cholecystitis
Acutely inflamed gall bladder may resemble symptoms of many other diseases, so it is necessary to analyze medical history as well as a more extensive inspection. Frequently the doctor recommends:
- abdominal ultrasound scanning,
- scintigraphy of the liver and biliary tract,
- computed tomography
- comprehensive blood tests, liver function tests, and the like.
The treatment for acute abdominal pain requires immediate attention. Often, hospitalization is needed, which will monitor the condition of the patient. The most commonly are used analgesic drugs and antibiotics, which aim to prevent infection, and additionally is administered to the patient drip, to ensure adequate hydration.
There are cases where it is necessary to perform surgery to remove the gallbladder, especially in the recurrent, inflammatory condition, which can pose a threat to health and life, as well as burdensome pains hampering normal functioning.
Preventing the illness, it is important to take care of a healthy body weight as well as a healthy diet. It is believed that no small role in the formation of gallstones has cholesterol, it is, therefore, appropriate to avoid foods rich in fat and cholesterol.
Being overweight creates a risk of increasing the amount of cholesterol in the bile, and hence the appearance of cholelithiasis. But one should not decide to rapid weight loss because of sudden weight loss, can affect the delicate chemistry of bile, bringing a counterproductive effect.