Internal Diseases or Internal Medicine is the broadest of the specialties in medicine. It includes disease problems concerning lungs, heart, liver and gastrointestinal tract, kidney and genitourinary system, brain, spine, nerves, muscles, joints, and rheumatic disorders as well as many others.
The human organism creates an indivisible integrity, and therefore, all the organs and systems, work together in interaction. Due to the huge abundance of individual parts of our body, internal diseases can be divided into a number of narrow specialties such as gastroenterology, pulmonology, etc.
Even though some internal diseases specifically operate at individual organs, the majority of the most common ailments and health problems can interfere with the functioning of many internal organs of our body. These include diseases like atherosclerosis, diabetes, high blood pressure or cancer.
Physician, a specialist in internal medicine must, therefore, have a wealth of knowledge on how to recognize and manage a wide range of diseases. All of them are related to numerous disorders, the aging population, multiple evolving chronic diseases or numerous disorders.
Behind the term “Internal Medicine” conceals the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of systems as:
- circulatory system
- respiratory system
- digestive system
- urinary system
- hematopoietic system
- endocrine disease
- metabolic diseases
- musculoskeletal system
Diagnosis and treatment of internal diseases particular systems of our body
In the cardiovascular system, it may be atherosclerosis, cardiac arrhythmias, coronary heart disease, angina, overpressure. Digestive system may occur intoxication, diseases of the pancreas, liver disease, gastric reflux disease, gallstones, peptic ulcer, diarrhea.
It should also be mentioned about allergic disorders, diseases of connective tissue and endocrine diseases. To the latter, we can include diabetes, hyperthyroidism, or hypothyroidism, age-related disease, kidney disease and metabolic disorders and others.
It is worth remembering also about infectious diseases, which also belong to the group of internal medicine.
Diagnostics these diseases include ultrasound, X-ray, CT, MRI, laboratory tests, spirometry, gastroscopy, colonoscopy, and many others.