Menopause is a special time in every woman’s life, in which, amenorrhoea occurs. This change is felt very differently depending on the woman. In men, the menopause time is called andropause.
Menopause starts when the ovaries stop producing the hormones: estrogen and progesterone. After the passage of menopause, there isn’t a possibility to get pregnant anymore. The notion of menopause usually defined the time after cessation of menstruation, but it is actual, a transition to menopause or perimenopausal period. It happens frequently that menstruation stops for a moment to reappear.
Some women go through a period of change a relatively long, but it is assumed that menopause occurs after one year from the last menstrual period. However, do not count for this period other interferences of menstruation like a disease. On average, menopause falls on women at the age of 51, but in some cases, it happens earlier – about the age of 40, and later at 55.
There are also cases of menopause, which were medically induced due to surgery, or the use of certain types of drugs.
The symptoms of menopause
Menopause is a natural period in the life of every woman, which is why symptoms, even though tend to burdensome, are passing. There are also many opportunities for achieving mitigation, hence it is possible to make it through comfortably. It is impossible, however, to assess how long the change process will take, should therefore not forget that in the peri-menopausal is still possible to become pregnant.
Every woman goes through menopause differently. Some of them do not experience any symptoms, while others pass climacteric, experiencing its numerous disadvantages. It is difficult to unequivocally determine whether the symptoms that appear are related to the process of aging, menopause, or both.
The most common symptoms include:
- Irregular menstruation – periods become less frequent, more frequent, are of different abundance, last longer or shorter.
- Hot flashes – a sudden feeling of heat in the upper part, or the whole body. Can occur some redness of the face and neck, red spots on the chest, shoulders and back, as well as burdensome sweating and cold chills.
- Problems with sleep – night sweats, hot flashes, fatigue notorious.
- Problems in the vagina or urinary tract – the vaginal walls become thinner and more sensitive due to lower levels of estrogen, which is responsible also for the health of the bladder and urethra. Can occur discomfort during intercourse, increased risk of infection and infections of genital and urinary tract. Often, there is also a problem with urinary incontinence.
- Mood swings during which there are sudden states of euphoria, sadness and crying spells. Most often they affect women, who felt before mood swings of PMS or suffered from postpartum depression.
- Changes in libido – some women lose sexual interest, while others feel these things more comfortable.
- Osteoporosis – along with the period of menopause, may appear bone weakness, which may increase the risk of injuries and fractures.
Among other symptoms can be exchanged also weight problems, muscle loss, joint problems, etc..
Alleviating the symptoms of menopause
Changes in the female body that occur during this special time in life increase the risk of certain health problems. Lower levels of estrogen and other changes associated with aging may contribute to heart disease, stroke, and osteoporosis.
It is worth to take some steps that will help to improve the health in the perimenopausal period. This will ease the unpleasant symptoms of menopause and improve overall health. Therefore it is important to remember how important is:
- a healthy, balanced diet rich in nutrients but lower in calories, which with age we need a little less; may become an important an additional supplementation of vitamins B12, B6, D, calcium, and iron;
- active lifestyle – will strengthen the bones, heart, improve mood and help alleviate many symptoms of menopause; a minimum of 2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate activity, or 1 hour 15 minutes of intense aerobic exercise a week can help to feel better;
- the resignation of smoking – one of the habits that cause damage to bone and accelerates the aging of the organism;
- health care – regular testing, cytology, mammography, etc.