Hyperandrogenism is a health problem related to the excessive levels of androgens (male sex hormones) in the body, which may occur in both men and women. It concerns even 5-10% of women of childbearing age, but a variety of symptoms and complicated hormonal correlations very often make it difficult to diagnosis.
The female body, just as the men, produce testosterone, which is essential for the proper functioning of the body. This hormone is involved in the development of skeletal muscles, promotes the proper operation the heart muscle and regulate a variety of processes. Unfortunately, it may not exceed certain limits, because then, hyperandrogenism can be revealed.
Among the causes of hyperandrogenism are also the overproduction of adrenal hormones or ovarian hormones in women. All kinds of malfunction of the hormones in the body may thus give rise to disease.
Sometimes, the disease is caused by the emergence of certain cancer tumors or the use of a few types of drugs.
The symptoms of hyperandrogenism
The list of symptoms that are associated with hyperandrogenism is very numerous. Among them can be distinguished:
- the increased hair growth on the whole body (hirsutism)
- irregular menstrual cycles in women
- the deeper tone of voice
- increased muscle mass
- virilization – a group of symptoms associated with hormonal fluctuations
- increasing a size of the uterus
- diminished breast size
- increased libido
- hair loss
- increased levels of androgens in the blood
- precocious puberty
Because the hyperandrogenism is a disease of the endocrine system, it involves a number of disorders, including metabolic pathways. It can appear along with an increased risk of developing diabetes, by reducing insulin sensitivity.
Hirsutism, acne, obesity, etc. are disturbing especially for women, who were diagnosed with the disease.
Treatment of hyperandrogenism
The diagnosis of disease requires appropriate laboratory tests, ultrasound, etc. Symptoms can occur at any age, so the diagnose is often very difficult. Treatment depends on the causes of the disease and eventual intentions – eg. for some women, enabling them to become pregnant.
In the case of cancer, it may need surgery to remove nodules. When dealing with obesity, it will be important to normalize body weight. The treatment of the various symptoms and conditions associated with hyperandrogenism is adjusted individually, but most often it is necessary to use a wide range of therapeutic measures.