Spermatocele is a cyst that develops in the epididymis – a small wrapped pipes, which are located in the upper part of the kernel, whose task is to transport sperm.
The spermatocele sometimes referred to as epididymal cysts often contribute to fertility problems and require treatment. Too overgrown spermatocele can cause discomfort, so sometimes it is necessary to remove them.
The symptoms of spermatocele
Spermatocele usually causes no symptoms and can remain stable, with no abrupt changes and growth. If, however, it becomes too large, it may cause:
- pain and discomfort in the affected testis,
- a feeling of heaviness in the nucleus of the cyst,
- a sense of pressure on the back or the kernel.
The easiest way is to recognize the emergence of a cyst by physical examination, and it is important to go to a doctor, to help rule out a serious condition which can be a testicular tumor.
Causes of this male problem are not entirely understood, but may result from a blockage in one of the conductors within the epididymis. Injury or inflammation can also play a significant role in causing congestion.
Risk factors that increase the probability of cyst are not fully defined, but most often they appear in men aged from 20 to 50 years.
Diagnosis and treatment of spermatocele
To diagnose the disease required is a physical examination, because due to the frequent lack of symptoms, this is the only way to know whether appeared any changes. Helpful they are also ultrasound scan, which allows excluding testicular tumor or other cause swelling of the scrotum.
Spermatocele treatment is not always necessary, even though it is unlikely that they will disappear arbitrarily. In mild forms, they do not cause pain and complications, and the treatment becomes necessary only when they cause pain or complications.
At the beginning of treatment, the most commonly are used analgesic drugs as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Surgical treatment is used in severe cases the lesions is performed in an outpatient setting, using local or general anesthesia. The surgeon makes an incision of the scrotum and separates the enlarged cysts of the epididymis.
- ice packs to help reduce swelling;
- use of oral analgesics;
- observation of wound healing.
Possible complications associated with surgical removal of the cyst may be manifested in problems with fertility, or in the form of damage to the epididymis and vas deferens – that transport sperm cells. The treatment does not exclude the fact that the cyst will not return again.
Although there is no way to prevent cysts, it is worth remembering on a regular basis control of the scrotum at least once a month. Any change in the scrotum should be assessed quickly because it can signify a more serious illness.