Prostate adenoma is one of the most frequent changes occurring in male genitals. It is associated with deficient nuclei.
The prostate is used for the production of androgen, and with age, this gland tends to increase, and this is called benign hyperplasia. The appearance of prostate adenoma can cause blockage of the urethra, and thus may experience problems with urination.
The causes of prostate adenoma
Prostate adenoma usually affects men over fifty years of age. May occur due to changes in metabolism, one of the factors are irregularities in the production of a male hormone (testosterone).
The symptoms of prostate adenoma
The prostate is flexible, therefore with the emergence of adenoma begins to grow, putting pressure on the urethra. Changes caused by prostate adenoma affect the natural process of urination, which becomes more and more severe, more frequent or incomplete.
Problems with urinary excretion and retention of the bladder are conducive to bacterial infections. The symptoms can also be distinguished:
- incontinence urinary frequency;
- intermittent urine stream,
- nocturia (frequent urination at night)
- urinary incontinence,
- urinary retention,
- painful urination;
- sometimes the hematuria (urine from the presence of blood).
People who have problems with the night enuresis, often disrupt sleep, to go to the toilet. Adenoma of the prostate, as well as other diseases of the lower urinary tract, can lead to limitations in the everyday functioning and lifestyle.
Complications associated with disease include:
- bladder stones, which are the result of the bladder stasis,
- the presence of an obstacle on the track of urine in the urinary tract,
- inflammation of adenoma prostate
- urinary tract infections,
- acute epididymitis, and the like.
The treatment of prostate adenoma
Surgical treatment is necessary in the most severe circumstances, in other cases, it is sufficient to use pharmacological treatment, which helps to reduce the abnormal urination.
The immediate goal of treatment is to reduce prostate volume, which facilitates urination and, most importantly, reduces the risk of stones, polyps, inflammatory diverticulitis, an infection or tumor. Local problems in the prostate may ultimately lead to loss of renal function.
In the surgical treatment, adenoma is removed, but here may occur postoperative complications that include bleeding, infection, incontinence, painful urination or ejaculation can happen secondary infertility, but it does not affect sexual function.
Endoscopic treatment, in turn, uses the electrical cord to the fragmentation of the adenoma. This is a milder method, and there are no serious side effects.
Because the prostate adenoma is dependent on androgen medical treatment is related to a hormone that helps get the hormonal balance in the body. It is also preferred to use supplements, including selenium and vitamin E.
Prevention of the onset of prostate adenoma requires a balanced diet, which limits red meat, processed foods, sauces, sweets, white flour, but is rich in vegetables. It is crucial to providing significant amounts of lycopene (found in large quantities in tomato heat-treated), and drinking green tea rich in antioxidants. It is worth introduced into the diet also soy, seeds, and nuts.