Phimosis is a small anatomical defect in boys (in the form of a pathological – at any age). This problem manifests itself in that the internal side of the foreskin attached to glans narrows, preventing it from sliding.
The first is the natural state that accompanies the child from birth when the foreskin protects the glans against infections and injuries. With age, takes its gradual separation.
Pathological phimosis arises as a result of infection, inflammation or scarring that occur in uncircumcised men.
The causes of phimosis
A physiological form of a problem is present from the birth and then with time disappear itself. Most children are not fully exposed to the glans adolescence, which is a natural state if not accompanied by negative symptoms. Pathological character of the problem results from the appearance of scars, and some infections, which are a risk factor for the medical presence of phimosis.
The inability of the foreskin to verticle slip can lead to difficulties in the maintenance of personal hygiene, which in turn can result in the appearance of inflammation. Other symptoms include:
- difficulty in passing urine;
- painful urination;
- painful erection;
- paraphimosis – a condition associated with a pathological form of phimosis.
Diagnosis and treatment of phimosis
Doctor will diagnose the problem by a thorough medical history and physical examination. Additional tests are superfluous.
The treatment of the problem is closely related to age, body weight, gender and identified symptoms. In the first place, they have usually used steroid ointments that are used locally. This treatment allows, in most cases, of phimosis restore the normal state. Steroid cream, intended to soften of the foreskin, so that makes it possible to offset fully and natural functioning.
If the application of the ointment does not help, the solution is surgical intervention.
A related problem, which is strongly associated with phimosis is Paraphimosis. It appears when the foreskin is retracted behind the glans, but it is not possible to move it to its original position. It can lead to problems with blood flow to the penis and glans. Its main symptom is swelling and tension of the foreskin tissue, resulting in pain.
The prognosis for phimosis is usually very good. There may be only slight bleeding when the foreskin slumps down the penis, but the long-term negative effects are very rare.