A highly digestible diet is a diet, which is recommended for people with inflammatory bowel disease, which is Crohn’s disease, as well as in ulcerative colitis dermatitis, diverticulitis, and the like.
What foods are easy to digest?
A highly digestible diet limits foods high in fiber, such as whole-grain bread and cereals, nuts, seeds, fresh or dried fruits and some vegetables.
Products that contain fiber, as the building stool, and the purpose of easily digestible diet, is to achieve a smaller number of bowel movements per day. Highly digestible diet is to alleviate symptoms such as diarrhea, bloating, gas and abdominal cramps.
The doctor recommends the most easily digestible foods for a short time, for example, after surgery, which can help you get back into shape. But this is not a diet, which is to constitute a complete nutrition plan for all people suffering from intestinal problems.
With Crohn’s disease, the body has trouble absorbing nutrients, which is why the use of highly digestible diet, might need an additional supplementation of vitamins and minerals.
On a diet you can eat easily digestible products such as:
- refined white bread and snacks such as crackers, wheat toast (without the addition of seeds)
- cooked grains as creams with semolina, wheat,
- cereals such as puffed rice, corn flakes,
- white rice, pasta from wheat, refined pasta,
- among the fruits and vegetables, you should choose those with a small amount of fiber you should consume them without seeds and skins,
- vegetables can be eaten fresh or cooked, and good are also those from cans (without seeds) as asparagus, beets, green beans, carrots, mushrooms, spinach, pumpkin,
- boiled potatoes, peeled,
- tomato sauce – without seeds,
- ripe bananas, soft cantaloupe melons,
- honeydew honey,
- an avocado,
- milk and dairy products, but in moderation, as it can cause diarrhea and cramps (especially lactose intolerance),
- among cured meat and meats you can choose the beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish (without bones) if they are fragile and soft,
- the eggs are also an excellent ingredient in easily digestible diet
- you can as well consume butter, oils, cream, soy sauce, jelly, some sweets, but should be eaten in moderation.
To permitted beverages include decaffeinated tea and coffee, as well as milk and juice (clean).
Totally forbidden foods are seeds, nuts or coconut, so be careful of bread, cereals, desserts, sweets, whole grains and the like. Do not consume as well raw and dried fruits in full (plums, blueberries, raisins, figs, pineapples), the majority of fresh vegetables, some cooked vegetables like peas, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, corn, onions, cauliflower and beans. Meat and meat products with cartilage, products with the whole fruit, etc., are also not advisable.
General rules for highly digestible diet
Highly digestible diet is the diet helpful in the treatment of many intestinal problems, promotes a return to strength after a previous surgery, and also supports ad hoc basis with the problems with diarrhea and indigestion.
By eating foods that are easier to digest, we can provide our body with essential nutrients such as vitamins and minerals without causing discomfort.
The highly digestible diet excludes products of fiber and fats because it allows our digestive system to rest and recuperate during internal problems. Easily digestible products do not remain in the stomach for a long time so that we might feel lighter. In general, it is good to avoid spicy foods, as well as those too sweet and fatty, with added caffeine, gasses, acids, and alcohol.
Foods that are difficult to digest can worsen symptoms, so the appropriate composition of highly digestible diet can be beneficial. Do not, however, easily digestible diet, forget about lean protein (yogurt with live cultures of bacteria) and the little of fiber carbohydrates, as they are essential for our body.
Fruits and fruit juices are an excellent way to provide vitamins and hydration of the body, but be careful of the peel and seeds. Also, some of the fruit (and some vegetables) contain beneficial for our gastrointestinal enzymes that may assist digestion (bananas, apricots).
It is good to avoid drinking during meals because it dilutes the digestive juices, slowing down the process of digestion. It is best also consume small portions, but more often. It is also right to shared meals, as this will facilitate the digestive system work.
Ideally suits as well gentle exercise after meals.